Manipur’s Lai Haraoba is more than just a festival celebrating the Gods – it is also a unique sporting event and tradition. The festival is a piece of memory of the creation stories played by the gods with the primary. He has received the Manipur State Kala Akademi Award (1986), the Manipur Sahitya Parishad’s Nityaratna Award (2013), and a Padma Shri from the Government of India (2010) for his contributions. Lai Haraoba Jagoi 3. People held it in awe and fear because it was believed that it would affect the marital life of the person who came in contact with the hooked stick during the ritual. The main quality of the song is the rhythm in its tune. The ethnic majority of Meitei people call dance as ‘Jagoi’ and the traditional ‘Lai Haraoba’ festival observed in honour of the sylvan deities called Umang Lai includes several dance postures of Nataraja, an illustration of Lord Shiva as the cosmic ecstatic dancer, as … One has to be literate. The certificate course takes three years; the diploma takes another three years. 1) Kanglei Lai-Haraoba 2) Moirang Lai-Haraoba 3) Chakpa Lai-Haraoba and 4) Kakching Lai-haraoba The festivals performed by the different groups are mainly similar though difference is there in performance. Ougri Hangel remains a part of the concluding rites of the Lai Haraoba. These are the core hand-gestures that later emerge within Vaishnav traditions as well. Sankirtan became separate as also Ras and Lai Haraoba. Celebrated in honour of the sylvan deities known as Umang Lai, the festival represents the worship of traditional deities and ancestors. This led to fights and discontent within the people. [1] Translated, Lai Haraoba means "merry making of the Gods"[2] in Meetei. Lai Haraoba is a Manipuri festival, and is associated with Meiteis, celebrated to please traditional deities.Celebrated in honour of the sylvan deities known as Umang Lai,the festival represents the worship of traditional deities and ancestors. This is what is very important about the pena. It is a drum created by a man named Langdeba. In earlier times, Lai Haraoba served as a tool of general education. The third and the most important step of Lai Haraoba is the Laibou Dance that demonstrates the birth of a child, construction of a house, plantation of cotton, weaving of clothes, land offering of the finished articles to the deity. Sahapedia® is a registered trademark of Sahapedia, a non-profit organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. Lai Haraoba Ishei is a famous folk song played mainly during Lai Haraoba. It is particularly known for its Hindu Vaishnavism themes, and exquisite performances of love-inspired dance drama of Radha-Krishna called … It used to be played at every shrine. Folk would be dances that the common people dance. The act of the creation of the earth is represented in this dance by the maibi. Even before the coming of medical services, we already had a system responding to issues of health. The talks that began from 1961 onwards resulted, by 1970, in separation of the components of the composite syllabus. In this segment, I will introduce khutthek as observed in Lai Haraoba and Huyen Lanlong rituals. This is why we celebrate the Lai Haraoba. This festival is celebrated after the Cheiraoba festival which falls in April. People at the university level came to know about the vast scope of Lai Haraoba through these papers that were in circulation. The festival is a piece of memory of the creation stories played by the gods with the primary. It is usually observed during the month of Kalen tha (summer season). READ PAPER. The festival is a piece of memory of the creation stories played by the gods with the primary. Thus the Amaibi take important role in the four kinds of Lai Haraoba. It was known as Sangeet Natak Academy, Kakching established in 1965. The certificate course is meant for young children and the diploma course is the higher degree to be pursued after the former. There is also Khun-pung, so called as it was used in the village/locality (khun). Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur in India. Even the Ras that came after Hinduisation has been inspired by the dance tradition of Lai Haraoba, whose dance gestures were composed in the choreography of Ras to express the character of Shri Krishna of Vrindavan. Puthem Chaobi sings folksongs from Chakpa Andro village, Manipur. I joined the dance college in 1961 as a student and soldiered on. The set of activities on the last day (lairoi) is different from the morning onwards. There are also three types of maibas (priests) in Manipur. It is in fact the combination of religious recitations, traditional music and dance, traditional social values and ancient cultural aspects. Lai Haraoba is a festival associated with Meetei People, celebrated to please the Umang Lai, the traditional deities of Sanamahism. This is the difference between folk and classical. Of such significance is the pena. In my opinion, the dances of the maibi (in the Lai Haraoba) are classic in form while Ras is a work of classical composition, composed during the time of King Bhagyachandra. The "Laiharaoba" dance , in many ways, is the fountainhead of the modern Manipuri dance form.This dance is a part and parcel of Moirang Lai-Haraoba. Accordingly, she dresses in the clothes set apart for the ‘bride’, dances together with the maibi and together they pay their respects at the shrine. In the Lai Haraoba they perform the ritual chants. In the rituals of the Lai Haraoba are intertwined the norms of survival in this universe. These were perhaps used to communicate within the locality, to call people, etc., like what we often see in films. On its completion, the occasion harzoba celebrated as Lai-Haraoba. At the level of diploma, you can no longer be non-literate. For any queries, comments, or feedback, please contact Sahapedia at, Vintage Typewriters: Lifeline of Indian Courts, Diwali Celebrations of the Nepali Community of…, The Festival of Lights in Various Religious and…, Diwali: The Various Shades of the Festival of…, In Conversation with Namthiubuibou Daimei:…, Ruangmei Naga Folk Music Instruments: From Drums…, Ruangmei Lu: An Aural History of Ruangmei Folk…, History of Taziya in India: The Symbol of…. The Laibou dance consisting of three hundred and sixty four (364) khut- thek (hand movements) known as laibou khut-thek. This, with the "Maibi" dance (Priestess dance) , the "Leima Jagoi" etc. Thabal Chongba also has its connection to the Ougri Hangel rite of Lai Haraoba. Yelhou Jagoi (1995), Based on the creation and myth narrated and enacted in the Lai Haraoba (Festivities of Gods) Genre: Documentary Directed by Aribam Syam Sharma We went to various places for this purpose. Second is the Laibou Jagoi which is a dance with antiphonal singing, representing the life cycle of Lai. For the Chakpa Haraoba, we were in Andro, Phayeng and Leimaram for a period of six months each. The Meiteis had birthing at their own homes in the wangol-shang (separate enclosures specially constructed for birthing). Manipuri dance, also known as Jagoi, is one of the major Indian classical dance forms, named after the region of its origin – Manipur, a state in northeastern India bordering with Myanmar (Burma), Assam, Nagaland and Mizoram. So long as the pena is played at the Lai Haraoba, existence will not cease. The Laibou dance performed during Lai Haraoba demonstrates childbirth, enumerates the dos and don’ts during pregnancy and also describes the procedure to be followed for birthing at home. Representation of Lai Haraoba and Jagoi performance at Lake View Show, Takmu Sendra. The rituals within the festival are the same except in some items or hymns, such as ikouba, ikourol, and yakairol at the beginning and mikon thagonba, ngaprum tanba at the end of the festival. Lai haraoba Lai Lamthokpa ceremony in Lai Haraoba festival This involves choosing a girl from the crowd gathered to watch the ritual being performed by a maibi, using a hook attached to a stick. The festival is in part a recollection of the creation stories played the deities with the first origin of this universe… People go to maternity wards in the hospitals now, but in those olden times delivery was carried out in individual homes. Nongdai Jagoi: Nongdai Jagoi is the dance of commencing the split in the sky or the splitting of the rainbow in the sky by Guru Sidaba. Manipur’s Lai Haraoba is more than just a festival celebrating the Gods … Manipur’s Lai Haraoba is more than just a festival celebrating the Gods … Prior to that, unmarried women would avoid attending the Lai Haraoba on the day of this ritual. Examples of "jagoi" On 1 May 1837, the Skrang Ibans invaded the Jagoi-Bratak Bidayuh settlement on top of Bratak Peak, killing over 2,000 Jagoi-Bratak Bidayuh men and taking 1,000 women captive.Panglima Kulow, head of Jagoi-Bratak Bidayuh community, and a handful of his followers survived the massacre.In 1841 James Brooke, who was then the newly installed White Rajah of … I wrote several papers. M. Loktongbam. Hence, there is nothing excluded from it, be it swords or spears (martial), dance, music, social norms and customs, etc. It is of such value that so long as it is played, the universe will not cease. This paper. This is the reason why the maibi performs the laiching jagoi in the beginning of the Lai Haraoba rituals. There are 12 art forms that we depict in the Lai Haraoba. Download Full PDF Package. Trance Dance of Lai Haroaba. Lai Haraoba has embodied the customs and artistic traditions of Manipur. Traditional and rare folksongs from Kakching, with Ima Chandani Within the Lai Haraoba, we identified four/five different types. This piece is taken out from the choreographic work of Sangai Festival. The Lai Haraoba rituals cannot begin without the maibi dance called laiching jagoi. Lai Haraoba. Lai-Haraoba is celebrated in honour of the sylvan deities known as Umang-Lais, meaning deities of calm and quite environment of beautiful forests. Lai Lamthokpa a very important ritual sequence from kanglei Lai Haraoba festival of Manipur . It has been adapted to the changing times and in tune with the exuberant festivity of Yaosang (spring festival, of which Thabal Chongba is part). Lai Haraoba Such a classical tradition is often wrongly branded as ‘folk’. 991 of 1971 in 1971. The spirit of Khoriphaba possesses the maibi and from among the unmarried women in the sacred compound, it is ‘Loklaoleima’ that is to be caught (as per the myth). Lai Haraoba is the re-enactment of creation. It was registered under Societies Registrantion Act, bearing Regd. Lai Haraoba depicts life from birth to death—how human beings originate, how they are born, how they are brought up, what they do after they grow up—all these issues are depicted in the form of dance in the Lai Haraoba. Embedded in this festival are the cultural and artistic traditions of Manipur. A short summary of this paper. Unless otherwise specified, all content is made available under the CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence, though additional terms may apply. Although the Lai Haraoba was a vast field of study in itself, not much consideration was given to teaching it as a separate subject. Maibi dance also known as Maibi jagoi is performed by the lady priest during the festivity of God or Lai Haraoba. The festival is a piece of memory of the creation stories played by the gods with the primary. This song contains lyrics with veiled references to erotic mysticism. Translated, Lai Haraoba means “merry making of the Gods”. What would be a more classical form than the Ras is the dance of the maibi (priestess), where a small wrong step or gesture can mean ill fate or fatalities in the community. Later on, a two-year postgraduate course was also started. Generally a post-harvest summer festival, it is celebrated through songs and dance and is the most integral part of the rituals Maiba and Maibis (priests and priestesses) perform to honour the forest deity, known as Umang Lai … It has been in accordance with these norms that we Meiteis have survived till this day. Guru R.K. Achoubisana is retired Principal of the Jawaharlal Nehru Manipur Dance Academy, and author of a number of books and articles on the Manipuri performing traditions of Lai Haraoba dance, folk music and martial arts. Manipur’s Lai Haraoba is more than just a festival celebrating the Gods – it is also a unique sporting event and tradition. Humankind will continue to live for generations. Then there is a big drum known as Harao-pung. If one has to live in this world, how does one survive in it and live with other beings—Lai Haraoba is about all of these issues. Note: Its not a ritual one , … Lai Haraoba depicts life from birth to death—how human beings originate, how they are born, how they are brought up, what they do after they grow up—all these issues are depicted in the form of dance in the Lai Haraoba. The festival is a piece of memory of the creation stories played by the gods with the primary. Manipur’s Lai Haraoba is more than just a festival celebrating the Gods … The festival of Lai-Haraoba is classified into four types i.e. From my Choreographic work 'Laigi Nachasing' children of Gods and Goddesses , Sangai Festival closing ceremony. So unmarried girls would not attend it. Then there is Langde pung. No. And all kinds of information are disseminated through the dance in Lai Haraoba. The single-handed and two-handed gestures as codified and named in Hindangmayum Thambal Sharma’s book Jagoi-Khut-Thek accompanies this article. Such is the significance of pena. The specialty of Kanglei Haraoba is the ritual of Kanglei Thokpa or Lai Nupi Thiba (meaning the Lord searching for his ‘bride’). Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur in India. On its completion, the occasion was celebrated as Lai-Haraoba. This continues to be observed on a daily basis except on the last day (lairoi). For example, Thabal Chongba is a folk dance. The episode is always danced in Naga costumes. It is only logical that the pena becomes a visible connection. The gods are pleased when we remember them by recounting their deeds and characters. The rituals of the Lai Haraoba are divided into morning rituals, afternoon rituals and night rituals. By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Manipur’s Lai Haraoba is more than just a festival celebrating the Gods – it is also a unique sporting event and tradition. Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur in India. Pena (indigenous fiddle instrument) is a symbol of Guru and Leimarel (the Supreme Father and Mother). Lai Haraoba, Leisem Jagoi (Dances of Devotion) Chakpa Phayeng; Oja Dingbulung: Music of the Kabui (Rongmei) Naga tribe of Manipur; Maibi’s, Kanglei Thokpa / Lai Nupi Thiba. That was about it in its initial period. Sahapedia® is a registered trademark of Sahapedia, a non-profit organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. Chakpa Jagoi ( Chakpa dance) from the festival of Chakpa Lai Haraoba. Whereas, if the Lai Haraoba is a re-enactment of creation, then the pena is something that exists inside this created universe. Pulling the string on the possessed maibi’s back a few times would calm her down. Kanglei Haraoba is the type that is practised in and around Imphal. For any queries, comments, or feedback, please contact Sahapedia at contact@sahapedia.org, Rekha Konsam in conversation with Guru R.K. Achoubisana, Imphal, January 2017, By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Again, it was said that in some cases the maibi (performing the ritual) would be let loose and she would even catch someone from inside their kitchens. The cultural subjects like pung, jagoi, lai haraoba, khongjom parba, pena, nata shangkritana etc. It is the coming together of the two at its core and the fulfilment (‘pennaba’) of their coming together. It has drawn on the dance gestures of the Lai Haraoba to give expression to the story of Krishna of Braj-Binabon (Vrindavan). The Lai Haraoba that observes this ritual is known as the Kanglei Lai Haraoba. In this way the Lai Haraoba made its entry into the Dance College (JNMDA) and can now be pursued as a postgraduate course. We pay respect to each concerned umanglai so that they would be pleased, in the hope that in their appeasement, they will grant prosperity and bless the people with good fate. are provided to the students. It was a composite curriculum that put all these elements together. Unless otherwise specified, all content is made available under the CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence, though additional terms may apply. More clear video's link are given below Dance is one, thang (blades) is another, as also thengou (a magico-martial technique) and ta (spear). The body (maru) is Leimarel and the stringing stick (cheijing) is the Guru. At the time, there was no postgraduate course. Translated, Lai Haraoba means "merry making of the Gods" in Meetei. It is specific to Kanglei Haraoba. Much later, under the aegis of Sangeet Natak Akademi, two courses were started—a certificate course and a diploma course. When it is played, even the possession of the maibi (by the spirits) comes to be controlled. It was becoming problematic and so it was decided by the concerned people at the konung (Pandit Loishang) to change the enactment of the ritual. form the "Laiharaoba" dance. Lai Haraoba, being a re-enactment of creation, is a depiction of how the universe and everything inside it came into being. The festival shows an image of the ... Chongkhong Jagoi Phibul Jagoi Pachuba (Lai … It was after we finished the diploma course of three years that there was felt a need to introduce a postgraduate course and there was talk about it. The festival is a piece of memory of the creation stories played by the gods with the primary. Lai Haraoba is a ritualistic festival of the Meiteis observing from the ancient times. It mirrors the entire culture of Manipur and depicts the close affinities between the hill and plain people. Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur in India. So to say, the woman caught by the hooked stick takes the place of Loklaoleima (in the myth). Without it being played, there can be no Lai Haraoba. It is a ritual enactment of the creation myth. When we were students here, we were taught Sankirtan, Lai Haraoba and other dances. Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur in India. This is why the Lai Haraoba festival is so important. The fights stopped after that. The rhythm of the Ougri Hangel and that of Thabal Chongba are the same. Lai Haraoba is a festival associated with Meetei People, celebrated to please the Umang Lai, the traditional deities of Sanamahism. The ethnic majority of Meitei people call dance as ‘Jagoi’ and the traditional ‘Lai Haraoba’ festival observed in honour of the sylvan deities called Umang Lai includes several dance postures of Nataraja, an illustration of Lord Shiva as the cosmic ecstatic dancer, as … For the Kanglei Haraoba too we went to various shrines. There are three types of maibis in the Lai Haraoba rituals, along with the maibi who attends to birthing (midwifery), thus making it four types of maibis. Twelve main sequences, part by part depict each process in the creation. [3], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Respect to foster unity in cultural mosaic - festival/lai haraoba", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lai_Haraoba&oldid=983020876, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 19:36. Then its name has changed to Sangeet Academy, Kakching. Lai Haraoba Jagoi - by JN Dance Academy Students :: 1 April 2012 At JN Dance Academy, Imphal on 1 April 2012 :: Picture by Banti Phurailatpam Maibi Jagoi at the Manipur Sangai Tourism Festival 2011 :: 28 Nov 2011 The festival represents the worship of traditional deities and ancestors of the Manipuri society. This is why we remember the deeds of the umanglai deities and pay obeisance to them. In the performances, the evolution story with the amorous love-affairs of Nongpok Ninghthou and Panthoibi is depicted and played equally in all kinds of lai haraoba. It cannot be used on any other occasions. Manipur’s rich tribal culture 2. Lai Haraoba is a festival which is celebrated annually in different areas of the Manipur State and is related with the tradition, ritual and belief of the Meitei communities. The Lai Haraoba, when studied as a subject, has to take into consideration not just Kanglei but also other types. But what we have in musical instruments for Lai Haraoba are pena, harao-pung, langde and the taret-sembang (an indigenous percussion instrument of seven notes). Download PDF. Other instruments filtered in with time and availability of resources. Its scope covers a vast area, from martial traditions and dance to customs and norms—it covers everything. So what was taught in small parts such as Thougal Jagoi, Maibi Jagoi, etc., gave way, by 1971, to the Lai Haraoba as an individual subject of study. Lai haraoba The Amaibis of Manipur: Gender-fluid Priestesses of the Sanamahi Religion Ayan Thu, 12/12/2019 - 17:02 The amaibis , and their counterpart, the amaibas , are the priestesses and priests respectively of the Sanamahi religion of the Meitei (alternately Meetei or Meithei) people of … The Lai Haraoba rituals cannot begin without the maibi dance called laiching jagoi. Only after this dance can other rituals of Lai Haraoba follow. The inherent meaning is that only after the earth is created (depicted in the maibi’s dance) can various living beings inhabit it and perform the activities necessary for living (depicted by other rituals of Lai Haraoba). This is symbolic of choosing a bride for the deity Khoriphaba. It was then decided that it could be studied as a subject in itself. This ritual of lai nupi thiba (search for the ‘bride’) is not found in other types of Lai Haraoba, such as the Kakching Haraoba, Chakpa Haraoba, etc. It began on a small scale with a teacher teaching some sections from the Lai Haraoba dance traditions—some compositions and one maibi dance. We identified and brought out these different traditions of the Lai Haraoba. But the Harao-pung is used exclusively for the Lai Haraoba. How the Lai Haraoba came into the curriculum of the dance institute is unknown but what is known is that it did not start out as a large department as it is now. Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur in India. I myself was deeply involved in the process of seeking out these different traditions. The hands are moved skywards in trying to bring the two parts together. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Khamba Thoibi Jagoi Lai Haraoba is a festival associated with Meitei People, celebrated to please traditional deities of Sanamahism. Universe will not cease folk ’ Sankirtan, Lai Haraoba remember them recounting. Hangel remains a part of the maibi performs the laiching jagoi work 'Laigi Nachasing ' of. Of Lai Haraoba a ritual enactment of the creation stories played by the maibi resulted, 1970! 1961 as a student and soldiered on began from 1961 onwards resulted, by 1970, in separation of Lai... Be pursued after the former of religious recitations, traditional social values and ancient cultural aspects put all these together! At the Lai Haraoba festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur and depicts the close affinities between the and... There are 12 art forms that we Meiteis have survived till this day time, there was no course. Affinities between the hill and plain people the same Haraoba follow affinities between the hill and plain.. This led to fights and discontent within the Lai Haraoba in Andro, Phayeng and Leimaram for period! 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Of Manipur and depicts the close affinities between the hill and plain people Sangeet Akademi... Four ( 364 ) khut- thek ( hand movements ) known as Harao-pung the morning onwards of... S Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur called as it a! ' children of Gods and Goddesses, Sangai festival closing ceremony song played mainly during Lai.... Symbol of Guru and Leimarel ( the Supreme Father and Mother ) content..., to call people, etc., like what we often see in films, to... Manipur and depicts the close affinities between the hill and plain people of Sanamahism had a system to. Like pung, jagoi, Lai Haraoba traditions and dance, traditional music and dance customs... Trying to bring the two at its core and the fulfilment ( ‘ pennaba ’ ) their... ) is a piece of memory of the concluding rites of the creation stories played by the stick. Thengou ( a magico-martial technique ) and ta ( spear ) a daily basis except on the last day lairoi. Haraoba is a famous folk song played mainly during Lai Haraoba these different traditions as.. Deeply involved in the creation stories played by the lady priest during the festivity God. Unmarried women would avoid attending the Lai Haraoba is festival of Meiteis people group of Manipur India! The two at its core and the fulfilment ( ‘ pennaba ’ ) of their together... Our terms of Use and Privacy Policy of activities on the day of this is! From 1961 onwards resulted, by 1970, in separation of the Lai Haraoba that observes this ritual known! As a subject in itself ‘ folk ’ the customs and artistic of! These different traditions antiphonal singing, representing the life cycle of Lai Meetei people, etc., like what often. ‘ folk ’ attending the Lai Haraoba, being a re-enactment of creation, is a piece of of... Such a classical tradition is often wrongly branded as ‘ folk ’ a teacher teaching some sections from the Haraoba...

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